Flooding & Flood Safety

The City of Hampton's low-lying geographic location, with many waterways, make much of the city extremely susceptible to flooding.

There are two types of areas affected by flooding:
  • The floodplain: This is the area mapped by the federal government - FEMA - identifying areas most likely to flood during intense rain - which may or may not be accompanied by tidal surges. It also determines whether you need flood insurance.
  • Surge flooding. This area is affected when a hurricane, tropical storm or nor-easter cause persistent high winds and changes in air pressure that push water toward the shore in a storm surge. When this occurs at high tide and/or in combination with heavy rains, it can affect larger areas. Most of Hampton is in a surge zone. The surge zone map shows areas that could affected according to the strength of a hurricane (Category 1, 2, etc.) and is used as a guide for determining evacuations.

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